July has been cold, and apart from one warm week, we had the fire going every night. The dogs sleep outside, but they wear at least one dog coat each (here's how I sew them
). We even had a bit of rain, only 10-20 mm here and there, but better than nothing and the grass is looking very green for this time of year. Gus is getting bigger, now around 30 kg and I really need him to learn how to jump on the back of the ute. Taz can still get him on the ground in a doggy wrestle though. He's booked in for neutering on Wednesday morning.
|Gus has to "give me five" before he gets his breakfast|
|Taz monitoring the neighbour's cattle|
Food and cooking
We butchered six of the roosters one morning. The place is so much more peaceful without all the crowing and chasing hens. Plus they taste great, nothing like shop chickens! (here's how we cook them
) We had a roast chook and then made a huge batch of chicken stock.
Bees and Beekeeping
Not much to report on the farm, but I we have been keeping an eye on the bees. One hive was looking a bit weak, so we transferred the frames to a nuc box (half size) and added a frame of brood from another hive, they are looking good now. I went through my beeswax collection (I buy it from markets when I see it cheap) and melted the big blocks so that I could pour it into icecube trays for more manageable chunks (its impossible to cut or grate from the big blocks). The darker brown beeswax is from old combs, it contains more honey and pollen. The bright yellow is from "uncappings" when you cut the tops off the honey frames to extract the honey. Both are great for making salves (here's my salve recipe
The new hens are laying eggs now, and we have a build up of several cartons. We kept two roosters, so there is one with each chicken tractor of hens. We still have four roosters to butcher, so we'll probably cull a few old hens when we butcher again. (here's more about why we keep so many chickens
Cows and cattle
We took the dairy cows out to Cheslyn Rise, and despite our best attempts to keep the bull separate (we spent a weekend fixing up the fence and building a new electric fence - here's how we use solar energisers
) - he some how managed to get the gate open, so all the cattle got mixed up. Looks like we will have to make sure we are ready to milk out there in 9-10 months. We still have the baby house cows
and Chubby at Eight Acres and feeding them grain to keep them tame and growing strong through winter.
The garden is GREEN from the rain and some warm days. All the asian greens have come up and I have to pick them to 'weed' the garden and make some space for the radishes and turnips. This is a very productive time of year. Also coriander
, Herb Robert
, and Sweet Violet
are growing well at the moment.
We haven't made much progress on the house as we've been focusing on the shed. We needed the shed finished so that we could stack all the furniture in there when we get the floors done.... and the shed was very nearly finished expect for the handrail on the mezzanine floor. We also wanted to to rodent-proofing as the mice had really moved in there after it was finished. We got council approval for the shed, so now we can start filling it up with furniture until the house is finished. Now back to painting the lounge and last bedroom! AND I have an article about our house move in the latest issue of Owner Building magazine
, which is out now. I had a lot of fun working with the team and they've done a wonderful job of presenting the article and my photos.
Now that I've worked through the twelve permaculture principles from Holmgren's Permaculture: Principles and Pathways beyond Sustainability
, and last month I discussed permaculture ethics. Now I'm going to work through the principles from Mollison's Permaculture Design Manual
- Work with nature rather than against.
- The problem is the solution.
- Make the least change for the greatest possible effect.
- The yield of a system is theoretically unlimited (or only limited by the imagination and information of the designer).
- Everything gardens (or modifies its environment).
Work with nature rather than against - anytime you're working against nature you're just making hard work for yourself. Whether you're trying to remove weeds and kill pests, grow something that is not suited to your climate or soil type, you will find it much easier to work WITH nature. Accept that you have weeds and use them for something. Accept that you will have pests and work with them. Accept that you can only grow certain things, but try to find the best option for where you live. Always consider work you could work with nature to reduce effort and input costs where possible.
For example, some people can go to a lot of trouble to kill termites on their property. I don't like to see them near the house, but out in the trees they are fine and they break down the fallen wood into soil food. We would rather leave these termites to do their thing than have to clear all the wood and add fertiliser to our soil. This reduces our effort and cost (we don't have to poison the termites, we don't have to cut the wood, we don't have to fertilise).
I tried the salt soap
again and it worked. We cut it 2 hours after pouring, it was still hot, but it was solid enough to cut and stamp. Its made a very hard white soap. I didn't put any essential oil in as I just wanted to get the salt part right. I got a book called Scientific Soapmaking: The Chemistry of the Cold Process
(Affiliate link), which I'm halfway through and has been really good so far. I'll do a full review soon. Also see my guest post on Say Little Hen about simplifying soap making
I had an order for 50 small jars of natural insect repellent
for a wedding! I had to write out all the lables, I really hope they are appreciated by the guests, as the neem is a bit stinky, but better than getting bitten by mossies. Its really fun to see how people are using my little homemade products and I enjoy getting custom orders.
I don't have any new blogs to share this week, just haven't had much time to look around the net, so if you have any suggestions please share in the comments, I love finding new blogs to follow.
How was your July? What are your plans for August?
Here's a link to the book again: